Strawberry season is here; enjoy it while it lasts
By Amy-Lynn Albertson
Rowan Extension Director
Our local strawberry producers have had a tough time this year in March and then the freeze in April. Harvesting began earlier this week.
In Rowan County, we have nine commercial strawberry producers spread out all over the county. Barrier Farm, Miller Produce, Miller Strawberry Farms and Patterson Farm sell both Pick Your Own (PYO) and pre-picked from the farm. Wetmore, Cooley, Eagle, Two Pig and Twin Oak all sell at the Salisbury Farmers’ Market or at their roadside stands.
The great majority of North Carolina strawberry farms use the Southeastern plasticulture method. Plants are set out into black plastic mulch in the fall of the year. Irrigation and some fertilization are supplied through drip tape laid under the plastic at the time of planting.
The plants continue to grow during warmer periods during the fall and winter. In late winter and early spring, they start to grow in earnest. Growers protect the early flowers from late frosts (March-April) with overhead irrigation at night.
A technique for frost protection is the use of row covers. The floating row covers are spun bound reemay cloth, made of polypropylene or polyester, and can protect the crop from temperatures as low as 20 degrees.
Though strawberries are perennial, plasticulture strawberries are grown as annuals, with harvest only seven to eight months after planting and new plants set out every year. Plant density is high (17,500 plants per acre) and the farmers’ investment in the crop is substantial.
Chandler is the variety of strawberry is most widely planted in North Carolina. Chandler is a California variety that is especially adapted to North Carolina conditions. This high-yielding variety produces large, well-colored, juicy fruit. The harvest season begins in early April in the Coastal Plain and ends in mid-June in the western part of the state. Depending on weather, most farms pick for six to eight weeks.
Locally grown strawberries in Rowan County are available now and, hopefully, on through June. You can find the strawberry farm closest to you by visiting www.ncfarmfresh.com. Locally grown strawberries will also be available at the opening day of the Salisbury/Rowan Farmers’ Market this Saturday from 8 a.m.-noon.
If you would like more information on strawberries go to http://www.ncstrawberry.com or call the Rowan County Extension Center 704-216-8970.