• 68°

Did you know? 13 Fourth of July facts that might surprise you

By George Morris

The Advocate, Baton Rouge, La.

It’s America’s 242nd birthday, and you’d think by now we know all there is to know about our country’s history.

Not so fast. We’ve put together 13 facts — one for each of the original states — that might surprise you about our Independence Day.

1. The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4. Right?

Yes and no. Only John Hancock and Charles Thomson, secretary of Congress, actually signed the original version, which was sent to Philadelphia printer John Dunlap, who made copies that night. It took two weeks for the Declaration to be rewritten on parchment in a clear hand, which most of the delegates signed on Aug. 2 or later, and that’s the version we typically see. The original, handwritten copy has been lost.

2. The Second Continental Congress didn’t vote for independence on July 4.

That happened on July 2 when the Congress passed a resolution of independence from Great Britain. Then the Declaration of Independence, explaining the decision, was drafted by Thomas Jefferson and the Congress signed it two days later, on July 4, 1776.

3. How many men (that’s right, only men) signed the Declaration of Independence?

Fifty-six, two of whom, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, went on to serve as president.

4. Who signed the Declaration of Independence first?

He put his John Hancock right there at the top of the list, presumably because he was president of the Congress.

5. Who else signed off on the Declaration of Independence?

Of those 56 men, the oldest was 70-year-old Benjamin Franklin, while the youngest was Edward Rutledge, 26, a lawyer from South Carolina.

6. The first Independence Day celebration took place in Philadelphia on July 8, 1776.

This was also the day that the Declaration of Independence was first read in public after (according to tradition) people were summoned by the ringing of the State House bell, now known as the Liberty Bell. Due to cracking, the Liberty Bell has not been rung since 1846.

7. Americans began observing the Fourth of July in 1777.

That was when the first-ever major celebration in Philadelphia included a parade, a 13-shot cannon salute and fireworks. July 4 wasn’t deemed a federal holiday until 1870.

8. What city has the oldest continuous Independence Day celebration?

That would be Bristol, Rhode Island, which began holding its annual parade in 1785.

9. One American city refused for a time to observe Independence Day. Do you know where and why?

During the Civil War, Vicksburg, Mississippi, surrendered to Union forces on July 4, 1863, after a 47-day siege. Local feelings were so strong that the city did not celebrate Independence Day again until 1945, as the United States neared victory in World War II.

10. Presidents Adams, Jefferson and James Monroe all died on July 4.

Adams and Jefferson died within hours of each other in 1826, the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence’s approval. Monroe, the fifth U.S. president, died in 1831.

11. Only one president was born on the Fourth of July.

That would be Calvin Coolidge, who came into this world on July 4, 1872, in Plymouth Notch, Vermont. He died on Jan. 5, 1933.

12. The Declaration of Independence spent much of World War II in hiding.

Just over two weeks after the Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the document was removed from public display, then taken under heavy guard to Fort Knox, Kentucky. It was returned to Washington, D.C., in 1944.

13. The turkey could have been our national bird.

If Benjamin Franklin had have gotten his way, it would have been. He objected to the bald eagle as the national bird.

Comments

Coronavirus

Rowan Health Department clarifies county’s COVID-19 death total is 301

Landis

Landis approves new land development ordinance, zoning map

Landis

Landis approves body camera, stun gun purchase for public safety officers

Crime

One charged, another dead on sheriff’s most wanted list

Crime

No injuries after car shot eight times on Old Concord Road

Education

RSS talks first steps for new federal relief totaling $66 million

China Grove

Gary’s Barbecue staff, customers look back at 50 years

News

Salisbury Lions Club names Person of the Year, Lion of the Year at 78th annual banquet

Education

Student COVID-19 numbers show first decline since plan A

High School

High school golf: Fowler competes in state tournament

News

Amazon announces new distribution center for North Carolina

News

House passes bill to bar Cooper from mandating COVID shot

Coronavirus

Rowan County sees death 302 from COVID-19; Health Department to host final mass vaccine clinic

Ask Us

Ask Us: What happened to work on South Fulton Street home?

Crime

Blotter: Woman says she was shot in hand on Lincolnton Road

Crime

Rowan Sheriff’s Office charges Salisbury man with operating illegal gambling business

Crime

Blotter: Rockwell man arrested on felony drug, breaking and entering charges

Local

Rep. Amber Baker discusses legislative session during Rowan Democrats breakfast meeting

Local

Thousands of locals, out-of-towners gather for a groovy time at annual Hippie Fest

News

N.C. Zoo ready for expansion if lawmakers OK funding

Education

RSS budgeting for tens of millions in federal COVID-19 relief funding

East Spencer

‘Back in full swing’ for the spring: East Spencer community gathers for food, fun and fellowship at Spring Fest

Local

Rowan native Lingle among those honored with NC Military Veterans Hall of Fame induction

Business

Former pro baseball player, Tar Heel standout Russ Adams finds new career with Trident Insured