Fresh fruit desserts
By Russ Parsons
Los Angeles Times
LOS ANGELES ó The other Sunday, I was standing in the middle of a swarm of shoppers at my local farmers market, trying to decide between getting more of John Tenerelli’s terrific Fantasia nectarines or yet another box of Garcia Family Farms’ figs, so ripe they were almost falling apart.
I was in one of those cook’s reveries: Nectarines or figs? Or maybe another Galia melon from Weiser’s. And what did I feel like doing with them? Sometimes I think half the fun of cooking is thinking about it beforehand.
Then I noticed a couple of people with arms full of nothing but flowers, and a terrible thought occurred to me: This is a time of year cooks rejoice in, but what about noncooks? How frustrating must it be to see all of this amazing fruit but have no idea what to do with it.
And I thought about how sometimes we food writers contribute to that, rattling on about the glories of frozen souffles and lattice-top pies while forgetting that some folks need to learn to walk before they can run (and certainly before they take up ballet).
But, really, there’s nothing simpler than turning good fruit into a great dessert. So, for all of you frustrated noncooks out there, here are three desserts you can put together with no advanced techniques and no specialized equipment other than a food processor.
Really, they’re more like structures for dishes than they are specific recipes: almost endlessly adaptable and extremely forgiving. And even those of you who do love to cook: Don’t tell me there aren’t evenings when something like that doesn’t sound like just the ticket.
The first thing to remember is that if you’ve got great fruit and are unsure of yourself in the kitchen, there’s no better dessert than fruit salad. I’m not talking about those little maraschino cherry jobs you remember from school lunch. Fruit salads can be incredibly sophisticated, and you can make them even if your culinary skills don’t go further than boiling water.
The secret to a great fruit salad (besides really good fruit) is a flavored syrup with which to dress it. The base is simple: bring 1 cup water and 1/2 cup sugar to a boil and stir until it’s clear. Flavor and cool. That’s it.
It’s the flavorings that make the dish sing. They can be as homey as a cinnamon stick or as adventurous as jasmine tea. Mix and match the flavorings to fit: slivered fresh basil with strawberries or figs, black pepper with melons or blackberries, or rose geranium with stone fruit … fover just enough of the dressing to moisten the fruit ó it’s a salad, not a soup.
Fruit crisps are only a little more complicated. The first thing you need to know about a crisp ó well, actually, maybe the only thing you need to know ó is this ratio: 2 parts flour, 1 part sugar, 1 part butter.
In other words, for the topping for a small fruit crisp, you’ll want 1/2 cup flour and 1/4 cup each of sugar and butter. For a decent-sized crisp (say, one made in a 2-quart dish), you’ll want to double that (1 cup flour and 1/2 cup sugar and butter).
Here’s what you do: Put the flour and sugar in a food processor and pulse once or twice to combine them. Cut the butter into cubes and scatter them over the flour and sugar. Pulse again until the mixture looks like wet clumpy sand ó that’ll take maybe seven or eight pulses. That’s the hard part.
Cut the fruit into bite-size pieces and add just enough sugar to sweeten and just enough flour to thicken the juices. Scoop the fruit into a baking dish and spoon the topping over it. Bake until the topping is crisp and brown and the fruit is tender and bubbling.
Pretty straightforward, right? But that’s deceptive. It’s that very simplicity that allows so much improvisation.
You can use all sorts of fruit, either by themselves or in combination. At this time of year, I really love peaches or nectarines along with raspberries or blackberries. In the spring, strawberries and rhubarb. In the fall and winter, apples or pears and raisins.
Sweeten to your taste with the pure, sweet flavor of white sugar, the caramel tones of brown sugar or the complexity of honey. Add more or less flour to the fruit depending on how ripe it is (riper, juicier fruit will require more flour to thicken). Spice as you wish. I really like cinnamon with peaches, but maybe you prefer cloves. Or cardamom.
You can vary the topping as well. As presented, it will make a nice pie-crusty crisp. But you can add spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg or clove to the topping. Or chop in nuts: Walnuts or almonds are naturals. For a topping with 1/2 cup butter, you can add as much as 1/3 cup chopped nuts without affecting the texture. Another classic variation is to add uncooked rolled oats; you can add as much as 1/4 cup to this size batch.
Other options are more subtle. Believe it or not, the shape of the baking dish makes a difference in how the dessert turns out; remember that the 2-quart designation refers to volume, not size. If you want juicier, fresher-tasting fruit, bake it in a smaller dish that is deeper. I like mine in a wider, shallower gratin dish that allows more of the juice to evaporate, concentrating the flavors as it cooks into a jam.
A fruit crisp is pretty much the essence of homey simplicity. But without any extra effort, you can make a dessert that looks like it came straight out of a high-end restaurant.
Frangipane is a mixture of nuts, eggs and butter ground into a lightly flowing paste that puffs and browns when it bakes.
You grind everything in a food processor and spoon it into a tart shell. Scatter fruit over the top (push the fruit in a bit so it’s partly submerged) and bake. That’s it. In fact, if you can push the button on your food processor, you can make a frangipane tart.
Figs are perfect with frangipane; even if you just scatter them across the top of the tart, they look really elegant. But you could also use peaches, plums, nectarines or berries, and one of my favorite fall tarts is made with frangipane and pears.
The classic nut for a frangipani paste is almonds, but you can just as easily substitute walnuts for a slightly darker flavor. Spice it as you like; orange zest or lemon zest will work equally well.
You can certainly make your own pie crust if you want, but you can use a commercial crust too.
After all, the whole point is to be able to take a nice walk at the farmers market today; you can save the pirouettes for next summer.
Peach and Blackberry Crisp
In this recipe, substitute nectarines for peaches and skip the peeling.
3 1/2 to 4 pounds peaches
1 pint blackberries (1/2 pound)
1 tsp. cinnamon
2-3 Tbsp. brown sugar
1 C. plus 1 Tbsp. flour, divided
1 tsp. lemon juice
1/2 C. sugar
1/2 tsp. salt
1/2 C. (1 stick) cold butter, cut into chunks
Heat the oven to 350 degrees.
Peel the peaches: Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Cut a shallow X in the bottom of each peach, and blanch it quickly in the boiling water until the peel starts to lift away from the peach. The blanching time will vary depending on the ripeness of the peach. Transfer it to a bowl of ice water to stop the cooking, and peel away the skin with your fingers. If the peel proves difficult to remove, simply return the peach to the boiling water and try again. If after 5 minutes of blanching, the peaches are still not peeling easily, use a small paring knife to scrape away the skin.
Pit the peach by cutting it in half, following the cleft that runs down one side. Twist and the flesh will separate. Discard the pit and cut the peach into bite-size pieces. You should have about 7 cups to 8 cups of peeled, pitted, cut-up peaches.
Place the peaches in a bowl with the blackberries, cinnamon, brown sugar, 1 tablespoon flour and the lemon juice and stir gently to combine. Set aside while you make the topping.
In a food processor, briefly pulse together the sugar, salt and remaining 1 cup of flour just to combine. Distribute the chunks of butter over the top and pulse just until the mixture resembles wet, clumpy sand.
Dump the peach mixture into a 2-quart baking dish or gratin dish and give it a good shake to make sure it’s evenly distributed. Spoon the crumbly mixture over the top, distributing it evenly. Bake until the top is crusty and brown and the peaches are soft, about 45 minutes.
Total time: 1 hour and 10 minutes.
Each serving: 316 calories; 4 grams protein; 51 grams carbohydrates; 5 grams fiber; 12 grams fat; 7 grams saturated fat; 31 milligrams cholesterol; 149 milligrams sodium.
Fig Frangipane Tart
This recipe uses a commercially prepared pie crust, but you can make your own.
prepared pastry for a 9-inch pie pan
1/2 pound blanched and peeled almonds
2/3 C. sugar
1 tsp. vanilla extract
1/4 tsp. salt
2 Tbsp. butter
2 tsp. lemon zest
3/4 pound figs
2 Tbsp. honey
1 tsp. water
Heat the oven to 375 degrees.
In a food processor, grind the almonds, sugar, eggs, vanilla, salt, butter and lemon zest to make a smooth, slightly flowing paste. Set aside.
Remove the stems from the figs and cut the fruit into lengthwise quarters. Set aside.
Pre-bake the shell: Prick the shell with a fork. Lay a sheet of foil or parchment paper in the tart shell and fill it with dried beans or baking beads and bake until the rim is dried and lightly golden, about 10 minutes. (Timing will vary depending on the dough; a pre-formed shell may require less time.) Remove from the oven and remove the beans and the foil.
Spread the almond mixture in the base of the tart, using the back of a spoon to spread it evenly. Arrange the cut-up figs as you like on top of the almond mixture, pushing them in a bit.
Place the filled shell on a baking sheet and bake until the almond mixture is puffed and golden, 40 to 45 minutes.
When the tart is almost done baking, warm the honey and water in a small saucepan until fluid. When the tart is done, lightly brush the top of each fig with a little of the honey mixture. Serve at room temperature.
Total time: 1 hour and 15 minutes.
Each serving: 655 calories; 12 grams protein; 61 grams carbohydrates; 5 grams fiber; 43 grams fat; 18 grams saturated fat; 148 milligrams cholesterol; 252 milligrams sodium.