Optimistic Futurist: How to stop climate change?
Local communities and major corporations both have an unrecognized chance to reverse the trends in climate change/global warming dramatically. This opportunity exists because, according to the scientists, one of the major gasses causing problems lives around 12 years. If we can stop adding this one gas to the environment, we could rather quickly see a slowing of the damage it causes.
Think of our environment like a campfire. If you want to make it burn slow and steady, you add wood one log at a time. If you want to make the fire burn explosively, you pour gasoline on it. If you don’t want to increase the flame, you stop adding gasoline, and the fire will simmer down.
The “gasoline” of climate change/global warming is leaking methane (natural gas) — and we can stop pouring it into our atmosphere.
As the gas companies are fond of telling us, when burned in our homes, factories and power plants, natural gas is only half as climate changing as coal. They are right — if the gas is burned.
However, if natural gas leaks from wells or pipes, it is between 150 and 200 times worse over its 12 year lifetime than burning coal.
Stop the leaks and in 12 years things will begin to trend downward toward normal, and buy us some time to solve other difficult problems.
There are several different problem areas where leaks occur.
In our country there are over 210 different major gas systems joined by 305,000 miles of big transmission pipelines, which feed 2,100,000 miles of pipes under America’s older city streets. Some number of the larger pipes have been replaced or repaired, but many of the millions of miles of smaller pipes installed in the 1930s and 1940s still leak — a lot.
Over the past five years, estimates of the leakage rates have soared as new leak detection equipment is put in place and as growing concern has led to more inspections. The most recent report says that the leaks in parts of the system could be as much as eight times worse than previously believed.
One statement that one hears fairly often from the gas companies is some version of “Are you kidding me? Selling gas is how we make money.Do you think we would simply let it leak?” The other side of the aisle responds with some version of “Well, gas companies are allowed to include in your bills to customers lost and unaccounted for gas, which removes some incentive,” and “You are in business to make money. If you have a large leak that is cheap to fix, the profit motive will see that it gets attention. But if you have lots of little leaks that are expensive to fix, the financial incentive works the other way.”
Fortunately, new leak sealing techniques are being invented almost weekly.
The most difficult problem to solve is that of old and abandoned wells, some dating back to the 1800s. A 2014 Princeton University study found that between 28,000 and 970,000 abandoned gas wells exist in Pennsylvania alone. Scientists looked at a number of these, and found every abandoned well inspected was leaking.
Responsible parties may be long gone, or bankrupt.
Fixing this will probably require the creation of something similar to the Superfund program, a federal program created in 1980 to fix abandoned toxic waste sites. About half of the states have programs that collect fees from drillers of new wells to plug old and abandoned wells, but the total amount collected is nowhere near the amount needed to solve the problem.
Around two-thirds of all natural gas plumbing in the entire world is in the United States. If we all agree to fix all the leaks in our local area, and the major companies partner with the Environmental Protection Agency to fix the leaks at drilling sites and big pipelines, and plug the old and abandon wells, we can significantly reduce the global trend toward more violent weather, increase national food security, and keep our atmosphere pure.
There is good news on another front. Scientists have long reported that a good bit of the methane in the atmosphere is caused by cows passing gas. The good news is that Penn State scientists have announced that a modest change in cow food results in between 30 percent to 60 percent reduction in gas from this source.
The fact that we now know we can control this damage to our world presents us with a moral duty. It is time to walk our talk.
Francis Koster lives in Kannapolis. To see the sources of facts used in this article, and learn of other successful money and life saving programs that can be implemented locally to create a better future for our country, go to www.TheOptimisticFuturist.org
Laurels to the dedicated educators who awaited students returning to schools in Rowan County and across the state this week.... read more